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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Jan 15;190(1):263-9.

Protein kinase C inhibits the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel of cultured porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells.

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Laboratory of Health Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima University, Japan.


The effect of protein kinase C (C-kinase) on the Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel (KCa-channel) was studied in cultured smooth muscle cells from porcine coronary artery by the patch-clamp technique. In cell-attached patches, bath application of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 1 microM), a C-kinase activator, significantly decreased the open probability of the activated KCa-channel in the presence of the calcium ionophore A23187 (20 microM), which increases intracellular Ca2+. This decrease in the open probability was reversed by subsequent application of staurosporine (1 nM), a C-kinase inhibitor. Application of 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol (OAG, 30 microM) or 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (DG8; 30 microM), activators of C-kinase, also inhibited KCa-channel activation by A23187, and these inhibitions were also reversed by staurosporine. PMA (1 microM) also inhibited KCa-channel activation by dibutylyl cyclic AMP (db-cAMP, 2 mM) or caffeine (30 mM). In inside-out patches, bath application of the C-kinase fraction from rat brain in the presence of ATP (1 mM) and PMA (1 microM) markedly inhibited the KCa-channel. These results indicate that activation of C-kinase inhibits the KCa-channel and may cause membrane depolarization and vascular contraction.

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