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Am J Cardiol. 1993 Jan 15;71(2):210-5.

Comparison of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography for detection of abnormalities of prosthetic and bioprosthetic valves in the mitral and aortic positions.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Germany.

Abstract

Two-dimensional echocardiography is the diagnostic procedure of choice for evaluation of prosthetic valve abnormalities. However, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) may be limited owing to acoustic shadowing and poor acoustic windows. Some of these limitations may be overcome by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). One hundred twenty-six patients with 148 prosthetic valves (113 bioprostheses and 35 mechanical devices) were studied by M-mode and 2-dimensional TTE and TEE. Prosthetic valve morphology was confirmed by surgery or autopsy in all cases; 124 prostheses were classified as diseased (33 endocarditis, 8 thrombi, and 83 degeneration defined as leaflet thickening > 3 mm with restricted motion) and 24 as normal. Prosthetic valve endocarditis and thrombi were correctly identified by TTE in 12 of 33 (36%) and 1 of 8 (13%) prostheses, respectively, but could be diagnosed by TEE in 27 of 33 (82%; p < 0.001) and 8 of 8 (100%; p < 0.01), respectively. Compared with TTE, TEE had a higher sensitivity for morphologic prosthetic valve abnormalities in patients with either bioprostheses (88 [87%] vs 66 [65%] of 101 prostheses; p < 0.01) or mechanical devices (19 [83%] vs 5 [22%] of 23 prostheses; p < 0.01) and in patients with a prosthesis in either the aortic (49 [77%] vs 32 [50%] of 64; p < 0.01) or mitral (58 [97%] vs 39 [65%] of 60; p < 0.001) position. Overall, sensitivity and specificity were 57 and 63%, respectively, for TTE, and 86 and 88%, respectively, for TEE.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8421985
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(93)90740-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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