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Laryngoscope. 1993 Jan;103(1 Pt 1):87-91.

Peripheral hearing loss following head trauma in children.

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Department of Surgery, University of Louisville School of Medicine, KY 40202.


The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the incidence and type of hearing loss occurring in children who suffered head injuries. Fifty children admitted to the neurosurgical service after sustaining head trauma were studied. Neurologic, otologic, and audiologic evaluations were performed. Diagnostic studies included skull roentgenograms and computerized tomography scans. A 32% incidence of conductive hearing loss and a 16% incidence of high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss was found in this group. All patients with temporal bone fractures had conductive hearing losses, but the presence of a skull vault fracture did not correlate with the presence, type, or degree of hearing loss. In addition, there was no correlation between either cause of injury, loss of consciousness, or Glasgow Coma Scale scores and the presence, type, or degree of hearing loss. There was a significant incidence of both sensorineural and conductive hearing loss in this series of patients, which indicates that close audiologic and otologic follow-up is necessary for all head injury patients.

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