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Am J Ophthalmol. 1993 Jan;115(1):76-81.

A biometric study of ocular changes during accommodation.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

We performed a biometric study that used A-mode ultrasonography on 106 subjects during ocular accommodation. The subjects were divided into two groups; group 1 included 76 subjects and group 2 included 30 subjects. In group 1, we measured the anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and axial length in the right eye while the left eye, wearing corrective spectacles, focused at distances of 6 m, 33 cm, and 33 cm with an additional correction of +3.0 diopters to offset any accommodative effect. In group 2, we measured the anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and axial length in the right eye while the left eye focused at distances of 6 m, 33 cm, and 12.5 cm. Similar to the left eyes in group 1, the left eyes in group 2 wore corrective spectacles during all procedures. During accommodation, decreased anterior chamber depth and thickening of the lens were noted in all cases. In group 1, axial length significantly increased an average of 0.06 +/- 0.01 mm (P < .0005) while the left eye focused at a distance of 33 cm. There were no significant changes with the additional +3.0 diopters (P < .05). In group 2, axial length significantly increased an average of 0.05 +/- 0.01 mm (P < .0005) when the left eye focused at a distance of 33 cm, and there was further significant elongation of 0.05 +/- 0.01 mm when the left eye focused at a distance of 12.5 cm. Collectively, these results suggest that axial length increases along with changes in the lens and anterior chamber depth during ocular accommodation.

PMID:
8420382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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