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J Pediatr. 1993 Jan;122(1):26-31.

Wegener granulomatosis in children and adolescents: clinical presentation and outcome.

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  • 1Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We prospectively studied and compared clinical features, treatment, course of illness, and long-term morbidity and mortality rates for Wegener granulomatosis in 23 childhood-onset patients with those of 135 adult-onset patients who were studied concurrently. Treatment was usually provided with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide. The mean follow-up period was 8.7 years for childhood-onset and 7.6 years for adult-onset Wegener granulomatosis. Most aspects of Wegener granulomatosis were similar in childhood-onset and adult-onset patients. Permanent morbidity from disease occurred in 86% of both groups. However, some features were significantly different. Wegener granulomatosis in childhood-onset patients was complicated five times more often by subglottic stenosis and twice as often by nasal deformity. Treatment-related permanent morbidity occurred in 22% of childhood-onset patients and 45% of adult-onset patients. After similar periods of cyclophosphamide therapy and follow-up, cyclophosphamide-related malignancies were less likely (0% vs 11%) to have developed in childhood-onset patients. Although 89% of patients treated with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide had remission, prolonged delay in achieving remission and relapses led in both patient groups to freedom from active disease for approximately 50% of the total patient-years. As a result, morbidity was substantial and has led to comparative studies of alternative therapies.

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