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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1993 Jan;8(1):35-42.

Increases in activated T lymphocytes, eosinophils, and cytokine mRNA expression for interleukin-5 and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor in bronchial biopsies after allergen inhalation challenge in atopic asthmatics.

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Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, National Heart & Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom.


Immunohistology and in situ hybridization were used to evaluate the presence, activation status, and cytokine mRNA profile of cells in the bronchial mucosa during human allergen-induced asthma. Fifteen atopic asthmatic subjects underwent inhalation challenge with allergen and with allergen diluent, performed in random order separated by an interval of at least 3 wk. Bronchial biopsies were obtained 24 h after challenge. Immunostaining revealed increases in the numbers of secreting eosinophils (EG2+; P < 0.05) and in interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R)-positive cells (CD25+; P < 0.01) after allergen compared with diluent challenge. No differences were observed in the numbers of total leukocytes (CD45+), T lymphocytes (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+), elastase-positive neutrophils, macrophages (CD68+), or mast cell subtypes (MCT+ or MCTC+). In situ hybridization revealed significant increases in the numbers of cells expressing mRNA for IL-5 (P < 0.02) and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (P < 0.01) after allergen compared with diluent challenge. A significant inverse relationship was observed between the number of cells expressing mRNA for IL-4 and for interferon-gamma (r = -0.75, P < 0.02). The results support the view that cytokines possibly from activated T lymphocytes may contribute to local eosinophil accumulation during allergen-induced asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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