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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Oct 1;90(19):9085-9.

The human gastrin/cholecystokinin type B receptor gene: alternative splice donor site in exon 4 generates two variant mRNAs.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109.


Gastrin and its carboxyl-terminal homolog cholecystokinin (CCK) exert a variety of biological actions in the brain and gastrointestinal tract that are mediated in part through one or more G protein-coupled receptors which exhibit similar affinity for both peptides. Genomic clones encoding a human gastrin/CCKB receptor were isolated by screening a human EMBL phage library with a partial-length DNA fragment which was based on the nucleotide sequence of the canine gastrin receptor. The gene contained a 1356-bp open reading frame consisting of five exons interrupted by 4 introns and was assigned to human chromosome 11p15.4. A region of exon 4, which encodes a portion of the putative third intracellular loop, appears to be alternatively spliced to yield two different mRNAs, one containing (452 amino acids; long isoform) and the other lacking (447 amino acids; short isoform) the pentapeptide sequence Gly-Gly-Ala-Gly-Pro. The two receptor isoforms may contribute to functional differences in gastrin- and CCK-mediated signal transduction.

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