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Oncogene. 1993 Nov;8(11):2905-15.

Retroviral infection can abrogate the factor-dependency of hematopoietic cells by autocrine and non-autocrine mechanisms depending on the presence of a functional viral oncogene.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27858.


The mechanisms responsible for abrogation of the growth factor-dependency of a hematopoietic cell line were investigated. FDC-P1 cells were infected with retroviral constructs containing the neo gene and either a wild-type or a temperature-sensitive v-src oncogene. v-srcwt abrogated the factor-dependency of these cells since each G418r colony gave rise to factor-independent cells and no autocrine growth factor activity was detected. Moreover, the vast majority (< 99%) of cells infected with the v-srcts mutant gave rise to conditional factor-independent cells. Therefore a functional v-src gene product was required for growth factor-independence which occurred by a non-autocrine mechanism. A minority of factor-independent cells which arose after v-srcts infection, grew at the non-permissive temperature and one-half secreted granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) which supports the growth of the parental cells. Since the v-srcts viral stock contained a helper virus, Murine Leukemia Virus (MuLV), the ability of this virus to relieve factor-dependency was examined. A low frequency of factor-independent transformants was recovered after MuLV infection and one-half secreted GM-CSF. Therefore, retroviruses such as MuLV which lack an oncogene, can transform cells by stimulating autocrine growth factor secretion. Subsequent experiments performed with helper-free v-src preparations indicated that they could abrogate factor-dependency directly by a non-autocrine mechanism. These results demonstrate that a hematopoietic cell line can be transformed by two different mechanisms after retroviral infection and may be relevant for understanding hematopoietic cell transformation after persistent viral infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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