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Mol Microbiol. 1993 Jul;9(2):295-308.

Processing and methylation of PuIG, a pilin-like component of the general secretory pathway of Klebsiella oxytoca.

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Unité de Génétique Moléculaire, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


The signal sequence of the Klebsiella oxytoca puIG gene product, which is required for extracellular secretion of the enzyme pullulanase, is similar in many respects to the corresponding segment of the precursors of type IV (me-Phe) pilins. The significance of this similarity is confirmed by the observation that the puIO gene product processes prePuIG at the consensus type IV prepilin peptidase cleavage site at the amino-terminal end of the PuIG signal sequence. Like most type IV pilins, processed PuIG was found to have a methylated amino-terminal phenylalanine residue. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to replace amino acids in prePuIG that correspond to residues shown by others to be essential for processing, methylation and assembly of type IV pilins. The glycine residue on the amino-terminal side of the prePuIG cleavage site is absolutely required for processing and for pullulanase secretion. The glutamate residue at position 11(+5) is also required for pullulanase secretion but not for processing or methylation. This result contrasts with that reported for corresponding variants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa type IV prepilin, which were processed but only inefficiently N-methylated. Cleavage of prePuIG and pullulanase secretion were both unaffected by replacement of the phenylalanine residue on the carboxy-terminal side of the cleavage site by leucine, isoleucine or valine, by a conservative substitution within the hydrophobic core of the prePuIG signal sequence, or by a glutamine to proline substitution within the processed segment. However, replacement of the same glutamine residue by arginine abolished secretion without affecting either processing or methylation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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