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Microb Pathog. 1993 Jun;14(6):441-9.

Role of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 slime polysaccharide in resistance to serum killing and phagocytosis.

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International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka.


Shigella dysenteriae type 1 produce a slime polysaccharide when cultivated in vivo in adult rabbit ileal loops or in vitro in casamino acid yeast extract broth medium which promotes hemagglutination of these bacteria. Seven strains of S. dysenteriae 1 grown in vitro and in vivo and possessing slime polysaccharides resisted killing by normal human serum as compared to bacteria grown under conditions which do not stimulate the production of capsular polysaccharide and did not resist serum killing (mean survival 72% for in vitro growth and 73% for in vivo growth conditions favoring capsule production vs < 2% for growth conditions which do not favor capsule production; P < 0.001 for both comparisons). Similar differences were observed when killing was assessed by phagocytosis (62-78% vs < 2%; P < 0.001). We conclude that capsular polysaccharide may be an additional virulence factor of S. dysenteriae 1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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