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J Med Microbiol. 1993 Oct;39(4):310-7.

Virulence patterns of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 strains isolated from hospitalised patients with acute diarrhoea in Calcutta, India.

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National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Calcutta, India.


A collection of 28 strains of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 isolated during a 3-year period (1989-1991) from hospitalised patients with acute diarrhoea in Calcutta, India, were examined with regard to virulence-associated factors. Of the 28 isolates (each representing a case), 18 were isolated as the sole infecting agent; the remaining 10 were recovered as co-cultures from cases infected with V. cholerae O1. Of the strains isolated in this study, 82% could be serotyped, with serovars O5 (32.1%), O11 and O34 (14.3% each) predominant. Serovars O7, O14, O34, O39 and O97 were associated exclusively with sole infections. Two strains of V. cholerae non-O1 produced anti-cholera toxin IgG-absorbable cholera toxin (CT). Both CT-producing V. cholerae non-O1 strains hybridised with the DNA probe specific for the zonula occludens toxin (ZOT) but none of the remaining 26 strains hybridised with the ZOT probe. The majority of the strains were cytotoxic for CHO, HeLa and Vero cells, with end-point titres of 4-512. Fewer strains produced a cytotonic effect, with end-point titres of 2-16. Of the 28 strains of V. cholerae non-O1 examined, 75%, 75%, 25% and 14.3% produced haemolysin that was active against erythrocytes of rabbit, sheep (Eltor haemolysin), chicken and man, respectively. Strains that produced a haemolysin active against both rabbit and sheep erythrocytes were dominant (35.7%). Ten (35.7%) of the 28 strains examined showed cell-associated haemagglutinating activity on human blood. Of the 10 strains, nine were isolated as sole pathogen and only one strain was associated with mixed infection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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