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J Med Chem. 1993 Sep 17;36(19):2761-70.

Stereospecific and selective 5-HT2 antagonism in a series of 5-substituted trans-1-piperazino-3-phenylindans.

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Research Department, H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Valby, Denmark.


A study of the effect of aromatic substitution on 5-HT2, D2, and alpha 1 receptor affinity in a subseries of new and previously synthesized 1-piperazino-3-phenylindans indicated that high 5-HT2 selectivity could be obtained in 5-substituted derivatives. Accordingly, a series of 5-substituted derivatives was synthesized with the goal of obtaining stereospecific and selective, centrally acting 5-HT2 antagonists. This goal was fulfilled in 5-chloro- or 5-fluoro-substituted compounds with 2-(3-alkyl-2-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl)ethyl- or 2-(tetrahydro-2-oxo-1H-pyrimidin-1-yl)ethylpiperazine substituents, as well as in their imidazolidine-2-thione or pyrimidine-2-thione analogues. The most interesting derivatives were resolved either directly via diastereomeric salts or by syntheses from resolved starting materials. Optical purity was determined by a 1H NMR method, using the chiral shift reagent (R)-(-)-2,2,2-trifluoro-1-(9-anthryl)ethanol. The compound (-)-trans-1-[2-[4-[5-chloro-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden++ +-1- yl]piperazin-1-yl]ethyl]-3-isopropyl-2-imidazolidinone ((-)-20) had the overall best profile with a high stereoselectivity (eudismic ratio: 68) and a high selectivity versus D2 and alpha 1 receptors (affinity ratios 182 and 191, respectively). It had a potent central effect but was shorter-acting than the tetrahydropyrimidinone or thione derivatives ((-)-39, (+)-40, (-)-41, and (+)-42). The observed activities of the compounds are settled in perspective in relation to a recently proposed D2 receptor interaction model. While there are no indications so far that trans-1-piperazino-3-phenylindans interact with D2 and 5-HT2 receptors in different conformations, the present study shows important differences in aromatic substitution effects. Only 5-HT2 receptors are able to accommodate a 5-substituent in the indan benzene ring, thus allowing syntheses of highly selective compounds.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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