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J Nucl Med. 1993 Oct;34(10):1662-71.

Bispecific monoclonal antibody-mediated targeting of an indium-111-labeled DTPA dimer to primary colorectal tumors: pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, scintigraphy and immune response.

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Immunotech SA, Marseille, France.


Eleven patients with primary colorectal carcinoma tumors (4 +/- 2 cm) were given intravenous injections of 1-10 mg of an anti-CEA, anti-In-DTPA bispecific Fab'-Fab monoclonal antibody, and 2-8 days later, were injected with 1.2-4.2 nmol of an 111In-labeled DTPA dimer (6 mCi). The bispecific antibody exhibited good stability and F(ab)'2-like pharmacokinetics. After injection, the 111In-DTPA dimer distributed in a large volume (88 ml/kg-180 ml/kg) and cleared through the kidneys (mean residence time in the whole body: 9 hr-16 hr). Uptake of 111In by the tumor using this two-step technique (1.8%-17.5% injected dose ID/kg, measured from surgical samples 48 hr after hapten injection) was not found significantly lower than that achieved with our reference 111In-labeled anti-CEA F(ab)'2 1 to 4 days after injection in six patients with similar clinical status (5.5%-30.2% ID/kg). In addition, tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-liver uptake ratios were significantly improved (blood 7.8 versus 4.2, liver 2.8 versus 0.8). As a result, low background images allowed detection of 12 of 13 lesions, 4 hr and 24 hr after hapten injection. However, 7 of 11 patients developed HAMA.

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