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J Hepatol. 1993 Jun;18(2):217-25.

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) in the treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Medizinische Universitätsklinik, Freiburg, Germany.


Budd-Chiari syndrome is characterized by splanchnic congestion due to obstruction of the hepatic venous outflow. A variety of treatment modalities have limited applicability due to their invasive nature, complications or low effectivity. The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPS) offers a new treatment by creating an intraparenchymal duct between a main branch of the portal vein and hepatic vein i.e. the intrahepatic part of the inferior vena cava. This paper describes the treatment of two patients with fulminant and subacute Budd-Chiari syndrome treated 2 days and 2 months after the onset of clinical symptoms. It demonstrates that TIPS is a feasible treatment of Budd-Chiari syndrome that restores splanchnic blood flow, reduces collateral circulation and ascites and provides sufficient time to allow for elective liver transplantation, if indicated. Further studies are required to evaluate the effect of TIPS on liver function and survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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