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J Biochem Biophys Methods. 1993 Aug;27(1):25-37.

Measurement of free Zn2+ ion concentration with the fluorescent probe mag-fura-2 (furaptra).

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Biomedical Sciences Division, King's College, London, UK.


The fluorescent probe mag-fura-2, previously used to measure [Mg2+], can also be used to measure [Zn2+]. The peak in the excitation spectrum occurs at 323 nm for Zn2+, compared with 335 nm for Ca2+ and Mg2+. This allows simultaneous measurements of [Zn2+] and either [Ca2+] or [Mg2+], by using 3 excitation wavelengths. The dissociation constant for Zn2+ is 20 nM at pH 7.0-7.8, ionic strength 0.15 and 37 degrees C. This allows [Zn2+] to be measured in the range from 0.5 nM to 1 microM. Mag-fura-2 was used to measure [Zn2+] in Zn2+/albumin and Zn2+/histidine mixtures in a physiological buffer at 37 degrees C and pH 7.4. The data obtained enable one to formulate Zn(2+)-buffers for the 1 to 100 nM Zn2+ range.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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