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J Clin Microbiol. 1993 Sep;31(9):2547-9.

Human papillomavirus and cutaneous warts in meat handlers.

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Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The association of papillomavirus and hand warts in meat handlers was examined. Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA was found in 23 (88%) of 26 cutaneous warts, with HPV 7 (27%) and a yet unidentified HPV (HPV X) (42%) being the predominant types. HPV 2 was found in two (7.5%) patients, and HPV 4 was found in three (11.5%) patients. No bovine papillomavirus sequences were detected. In most patients, the warts developed in less than 2 years after they started working with meat. A possible HPV transmission route by protection gloves and professional equipment is suggested.

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