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J Bacteriol. 1993 Oct;175(19):6126-33.

Three distinct secreted aspartyl proteinases in Candida albicans.

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1
Intercampus Program in Molecular Parasitology, University of California-San Francisco 94143-1204.

Abstract

The secreted aspartyl proteinases of Candida albicans (products of the SAP genes) are thought to contribute to virulence through their effects on Candida adherence, invasion, and pathogenicity. From a single strain of C. albicans (WO-1) which expresses a phenotypic switching system, three secreted aspartyl proteinases have been identified as determined by molecular weight and N-terminal sequence. Each of the three identified proteins represents the mature form of one of three distinct proteinase isoenzymes, two of which correspond to the recently cloned SAP1 and SAP2 genes (previously referred to as CAP, PEP, or PRA). A genomic library was screened under low-stringency hybridization conditions with a polymerase chain reaction fragment from SAP1. In addition to clones of SAP1 and SAP2, a clone containing SAP3, a novel third secreted proteinase gene, was identified and sequenced. The three aspartyl proteinase isoenzymes differ in primary sequence and pI, suggesting that they may play different roles in virulence and pathogenesis. All three of these proteinases are expressed in the same strain. However, the pattern of proteinase expression is correlated with the switch phenotype of the cell. Opaque cells of strain WO-1 express Sap1 and Sap3, while white cells of the same strain express Sap2. The differential expression of three Sap proteinases may contribute to virulence in C. albicans.

PMID:
8407785
PMCID:
PMC206706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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