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Gene. 1993 Sep 30;132(1):49-55.

A Saccharomyces cerevisiae upstream activating sequence mediates induction of peroxisome proliferation by fatty acids.

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Institut für Biochemie und Molekulare Zellbiologie, Universität Wien, Austria.


Peroxisome proliferation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is induced by fatty acids via as yet unknown mechanisms. We have initiated a study of these mechanisms by identifying control sequences sufficient for fatty acid control of the CTA1 gene (encoding the peroxisomal catalase A). Promoter regions previously shown to be necessary for control were tested for their potential to mediate induction by oleic acid to a CYC1::lacZ fusion gene. A region previously demonstrated to control CTA1 via the ADR1 transcription activator (bp -156 to -184) does not mediate induction by oleic acid. In contrast, an adjacent sequence (-184 to -198) is sufficient for oleic acid induction, and a neighbouring element (-197 to -215) has marginal inducing activity. These two elements are characterized by a consensus sequence, 5'-CGGNNNTNA ('peroxisome box'), which is found in a number of S. cerevisiae peroxisomal protein-encoding genes. Mutation of either the CGG or the TNA block in the box has a dramatic down-regulating effect on the gene expression in oleic acid medium.

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