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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993 Aug 15;112(1):113-8.

Inhibition of mitogen-induced proliferation of spleen lymphocytes is correlated with the induction of cell-mediated immunity in Salmonella infection in mice.

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Department of Microbiology, Meiji College of Pharmacy, Tokyo, Japan.


The proliferation of murine spleen cells stimulated by a T-cell mitogen such as phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or concanavalin A (ConA) was significantly suppressed when the mice were immunized with either the viable cells or the sonicate of Salmonella typhimurium but not of Escherichia coli. The suppression of T-cell proliferation caused by the sonicate of S. typhimurium was completely restored by addition of phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C (PKC). Western blots using anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies showed that the mitogen-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of 120-, 106-, 94-, 76-, 68- and 57-kDa proteins in murine splenic T-cells was inhibited in the mice immunized with the viable cells but not the sonicate of S. typhimurium. These results suggest that the inhibition caused by the sonicate involves suppression of PKC activity, whilst that produced by viable cells involves down-regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation, and both inhibitions correlate with the induction of cell-mediated immunity in mice, as evidenced by the induction of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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