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Epilepsia. 1993 Sep-Oct;34(5):836-40.

Seizure-related injuries in multihandicapped patients with therapy-resistant epilepsy.

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National Center for Epilepsy, Sandvika, Norway.


A prospective study on seizure-related injuries in Norway's two nursing homes for persons with epilepsy was conducted. Sixty-two multihandicapped patients with mostly difficult-to-treat epilepsy were assessed for 13 months: 6,889 seizures, 2,696 with ensuing falls, resulted in 80 injuries. The seizure-related injury risk was 1.2%. The most frequent injuries were mild soft tissue injuries with and without cuts. Six serious injuries were recorded: two leg fractures, one mandibular fracture, one neck of the femur fracture, one skull fracture, and one subdural hematoma. A 71-year-old woman with subdural hematoma died during operation for the hematoma. Seizure types most often causing injury were atonic and tonic-clonic seizures. Prophylactic measures can be taken. Because the seizure-induced injury risk was slight, we concluded that even persons with refractory epilepsy should be encouraged to lead active lives.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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