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Clin Exp Immunol. 1993 Oct;94(1):57-63.

Effect of lipoarabinomannan and mycobacteria on tumour necrosis factor production by different populations of murine macrophages.

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MRC Tuberculosis and Related Infections Unit, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) production is an important pathological mediator in mycobacterial infections, and yet little is known of the factors which influence its production. We have studied the influence of murine macrophage heterogeneity and activation state on TNF production following mycobacterial stimulation in vitro. Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) from strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Myco. avium differentially stimulated TNF production in thioglycollate-elicited macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. In comparison, resident peritoneal macrophages produced much less TNF when stimulated with LAM, dead mycobacteria or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In contrast, zymosan stimulated resident macrophages to a higher degree than thioglycollate-elicited cells. Another comparison between bone marrow and thioglycollate-elicited macrophages showed that both responded to LPS, but only the latter was stimulated significantly by H37Rv LAM. This may indicate that LAM stimulation of macrophages takes place through a different pathway than both zymosan- and LPS-stimulated TNF production. Also, in vitro activation of peritoneal macrophages with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), increased TNF response to several stimuli. Our studies indicate that the pathology of mycobacterial infections through TNF production may be influenced by the type and activation state of the macrophage which responds to that infection.

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