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Dev Dyn. 1993 May;197(1):57-68.

Regulative ability of the prospective cardiogenic and vasculogenic areas of the primitive streak during avian gastrulation.

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Department of Anatomy, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City 84132.

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  • Dev Dyn 1993 Jul;197(3):238.


Four types of microsurgical experiments were conducted to analyze heart and blood vessel development during gastrula stages of avian embryos, stages during which prospective cardiogenic and vasculogenic cells reside within the primitive streak. Experiments addressed whether cells not normally destined to form heart could form heart when given the opportunity to do so and vice versa; cells destined to form rostral levels of the heart (or, alternatively, head blood vessels) could form caudal levels of the heart (or, alternatively, trunk blood vessels) and vice versa; the early endoderm imparts rostrocaudal organization to the heart and associated blood vessels; and ingression of cells from the primitive streak and their subsequent migration into the mesodermal mantle is a cell-autonomous event for migrating cells. Our results demonstrate the lability of prospective cardiogenic and vasculogenic cells of the primitive streak, both in terms of the type of mesodermal structures they are capable of forming (or of being formed from) and in terms of the rostrocaudal patterning of the cardiovascular system. In addition, our results show that cell ingression and migration is directed by environmental cues and is not a cell-autonomous process for migrating cells. Finally, our results suggest that patterning of the cardiovascular system occurs after cells enter the mesodermal mantle, presumably through cell-cell inductive interactions. However, the early endoderm is not the primary source of the patterning influence. What is the source remains to be established.

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