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DNA Seq. 1993;3(5):303-10.

Cloning and sequence determination of the acetohydroxy acid synthase genes from Brevibacterium flavum MJ233 by using the polymerase chain reaction.

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Tsukuba Research Center, Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co., Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan.


Taking advantage of highly conserved domains present in the three acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) isozymes from E. coli K-12, we designed degenerate oligonucleotides corresponding to these regions. These synthetic DNA sequences were used as primers in polymerase chain reactions in order to amplify DNA sequences from Brevibacterium flavum MJ233 chromosomal DNA. The polymerase chain reaction product was used as a probe to recover genomic fragments from a lambda library of B. flavum MJ233. A 5.8-kb EcoRI fragment hybridizing to the probe was isolated and amplification of this fragment in a B. flavum strain resulted in increased AHAS-specific activity. Sequence analysis revealed two open reading frames (ilvL and ilvS) highly homologous at the amino acid level to the corresponding domains of the three AHAS isozymes of E. coli K-12. Moreover, disruption of the putative ilvL gene by a kanamycin resistance cassette resulted in L-isoleucine and L-valine auxotrophy. These observations demonstrate that the cloned fragment encodes the AHAS gene of B. flavum MJ233.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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