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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Sep 29;1170(1):38-43.

Effect of nitrogen dioxide inhalation on surfactant phosphatidylcholine synthesis in rat alveolar type II cells.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Philipps University Marburg, Germany.

Abstract

After exposure of rats to NO2 (10 ppm, 72 h) type II pneumocytes were isolated and compared to cells from control animals in order to determine whether nitrogen dioxide inhalation affects surfactant phospholipid synthesis. (1) Exposed cells contained more DNA, protein and phospholipid than type II cells from controls. (2) Choline kinase, CTP: cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase, and cholinephosphotransferase showed higher specific activities in the exposed cells. (3) In correspondence with this finding, the incorporation rates of choline into intermediate metabolic products were also higher in the NO2-exposed cells. (4) The pool sizes of the intermediate metabolic products of the CDP-choline-pathway for the synthesis of phosphatidylcholine were also higher in the cells isolated from exposed animals. This suggests that acute nitrogen dioxide exposure leads to an enhanced phospholipid synthesis that may be responsible for the higher amount of phospholipid detectable in lung lavage.

PMID:
8399325
DOI:
10.1016/0005-2760(93)90173-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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