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Cancer Res. 1993 Sep 1;53(17):4071-4.

Clonal analysis of fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumor of the breast.

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Department of Surgery, Center for Adult Diseases, Osaka, Japan.


Clonality of fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumor of the breast was analyzed by means of the polymerase chain reaction using small DNA samples prepared from cryostat sections. The method of clonal analysis was based on restriction fragment length polymorphism of X-chromosome-linked phosphoglycerokinase gene and on differential methylation of the gene. Specimens from 10 fibroadenomas and 5 phyllodes tumors heterozygous for the BstXI polymorphism of PGK gene were subjected to clonal analysis. It was found that fibroadenoma was polyclonal, but phyllodes tumor was made up of both monoclonal and polyclonal cell components. Since these tumors contained both epithelial and stromal components, clonality of each component was analyzed separately. Analysis of clonality of each cell component showed that both the epithelial and stromal cells were polyclonal in fibroadenoma and that the epithelial cells were polyclonal, but the stromal cells were monoclonal in phyllodes tumor. When DNA samples were prepared from widely separated sites of phyllodes tumors, every sample was found to contain a monoclonal stromal cell component. These results demonstrate that fibroadenoma is a hyperplastic lesion rather than a neoplasm, and that phyllodes tumor is a neoplasm of the stromal cells.

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