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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1993 Jul-Aug;4(4):543-9.

Segmental transcatheter hepatic artery chemoembolization with iodized oil for hepatocellular carcinoma: antitumor effect and influence on normal tissue.

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1
Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Segmental transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with use of iodized oil mixed with an anticancer drug, followed by injection of gelatin sponge particles, was undertaken to evaluate its antitumor effect and its influence on normal tissue in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Histologic findings in 12 patients who underwent hepatectomy after segmental TAE were compared with findings on plain radiographs and computed tomographic (CT) scans. Visualization of the portal veins contiguous to the tumor on radiographs and the pattern of iodized oil accumulation in the tumor and vicinity on CT scans after TAE were assessed.

RESULTS:

Complete necrosis of the tumor was achieved in 10 cases (83%), while complete necrosis of daughter nodules and capsular invasion was observed histologically in eight of these 10 patients (80%). The degree of tumor necrosis correlated with the pattern of iodized oil accumulation in and near the tumor. Partial necrosis of normal tissue near the tumor correlated with accumulation of iodized oil.

CONCLUSION:

Segmental TAE may be an excellent therapeutic method for treatment of HCC that is localized in one or a few segmental or subsegmental regions.

PMID:
8394758
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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