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Arch Virol. 1993;132(1-2):121-31.

DNA of bovine papillomavirus type 1 and 2 in equine sarcoids: PCR detection and direct sequencing.

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Klinik für Nutztiere und Pferde, University of Berne, Switzerland.


Nucleotide sequences of bovine papillomavirus (BPV) DNA amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from samples of equine sarcoid skin tumours were determined. All naturally occurring sarcoids (n = 58 tumours from 32 horses and 2 donkeys) contained BPV-DNA. All but 3 of the genome fragments belonged to the BPV type 1 strain (BPV-1); the remaining were BPV type 2. Similar results were obtained with cutaneous bovine papillomas used as controls (n = 20). One of the horses, carrying 2 sarcoids, was particularly interesting; one tumour contained BPV-1 DNA whilst the other sarcoid yielded BPV-2 DNA, suggesting that horses are not immune to super-infection. BPV-DNA was even amplified from the sarcoid samples which had yielded negative results in previous investigations when DNA isolated from the lesions was used in Southern blot hybridization with BPV probes. In addition, there was no detectable BPV-DNA in any equine or bovine tissue examined other than sarcoids or cutaneous bovine papillomas. Biopsies of normal skin surrounding lesions yielded exclusively negative results. The described nucleotide differences represent a natural genomic variation of this BPV type between geographically distant locations. The identical variations recovered from cattle and horses in Switzerland, a finding of great epidemiological interest, strongly suggest that a uniform variant of BPV-1 is one of the etiologic agents of equine sarcoid and bovine papilloma in a given region.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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