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Microbiol Immunol. 1993;37(4):305-10.

Ecological studies on reovirus pollution of rivers in Toyama Prefecture. II. Molecular epidemiological study of reoviruses isolated from river water.

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Toyama Institute of Health, Japan.


In order to clarify the source of reovirus pollution in river water, comparative surveys have been carried out between reovirus isolates from river water and those from sewage, human or animal, by making use of the analysis of genomic RNA-migration pattern of reovirus in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (electropherotype). The strains of reovirus serotype 1 and 2 isolated from river water were classified into 3 and 9 electropherotypes, respectively, and 8 out of these 12 types were also found among strains isolated from sewage or human. When the monthly distribution of the river isolates classified by electropherotypes was compared with that of the sewage isolates, there were cases in which strains of the same electropherotype were simultaneously isolated from both sources. The electropherotypes of 3 isolates from pig and field rodents were different from those of the other isolates. The electropherotype of an oyster isolate coincided with that of some of the isolates from humans and river water. These results indicate that the major source of reoviruses polluting river water may be the human excretion.

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