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Leukemia. 1993 Aug;7(8):1180-3.

Expression of myeloperoxidase mRNA by leukemic cells from childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract

The frequency of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) expressing the myeloperoxidase (MPO) gene and other myeloid-associated characteristics was determined in 26 (20 B-lineage, six T-lineage) children at diagnosis. All cases were diagnosed as ALL by standard morphological and cytochemical criteria. In the 26 cases, leukemic blast cells from four B-lineage and two T-lineage ALL patients were simultaneously expressing myeloid-associated antigens. By Northern blot analysis, MPO mRNA was detected in leukemic cells from five out of six cases expressing both lymphoid and myeloid antigens, and from four out of 16 B-lineage and one out of four T-lineage ALL without myeloid antigens. There was no detectable MPO protein or enzymatic activity in the leukemic cells of these cases as examined by immunocytochemistry and cytochemistry. MPO mRNA expression in ALL cells was significantly associated with age < 1 year: leukemic blast cells from all five infant ALL patients expressed MPO mRNA, compared to five out of 21 ALL patients > 1 year of age whose leukemic cells were MPO mRNA(+) (p < 0.01). These results suggest that MPO gene transcription in the absence of translation may characterize a recently described subset of pediatric ALL patients who also express myeloid markers, and may serve as a useful marker for this entity.

PMID:
8394481
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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