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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1993 Aug;(293):302-6.

Serial thallium-201 scintigraphy in osteosarcoma. Correlation with tumor necrosis after preoperative chemotherapy.

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Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048.


In 27 patients with extremity lesions (24 osteosarcoma, three malignant fibrous histiocytoma), a notable decrease in thallium-201 uptake was correlated with a good response to preoperative chemotherapy of the primary tumor. A good response is indicated by a greater than 95% tumor necrosis. Serial quantitative thallium-201 uptake of malignant bone tumors in patients receiving preoperative chemotherapy therefore can accurately predict a good histologic response and prognosis. Serial thallium scintigraphy can furthermore identify poor responses within two weeks after the initiation of treatment, or can prompt an early change in preoperative chemotherapy and facilitate limb salvage surgery.

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