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Neuroscience. 1993 Jun;54(3):575-85.

R56865 and flunarizine as Na(+)-channel blockers in isolated Purkinje neurons of rat cerebellum.

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A. A. Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, Ukrainian Academy of Science, Kiev.


Dose-related blocking effects of R56865, flunarizine and nimodipine on voltage-activated Na+ currents recorded in the whole-cell voltage clamp mode were studied in acutely isolated Purkinje neurons of rat cerebellum. The dose-dependences of blocking action were obtained for all drugs at a holding potential of -110 mV and rare stimulation. At stimulation frequencies 5 and 15 Hz the block produced by R56865 was increased showing a shift of dose-dependence to lower concentrations of antagonist. This shift was less pronounced for flunarizine, practically absent for nimodipine, and increased for all drugs with an increase in the amplitude of stimulating voltage pulse. With the change in holding potential to -80 mV the block produced by R56865 and flunarizine increased showing a dose-dependence shift to lower concentrations of antagonists. All the drugs tested induced parallel shifts of the steady-state voltage-dependence of inactivation of Na+ channels to more negative membrane potentials. R56865, and to a lesser extent flunarizine, slowed down the recovery of Na+ channels from steady-state inactivation increasing the relative number of channels which showed slow recovery. In the absence of Na+ current inactivation (treatment by intracellular pronase) R56865 at a concentration of 1 microM blocked modified channels preferentially in the open state, while the block produced by flunarizine showed no dependence on voltage pulse protocol. R56865 was shown to decrease the cell leakage while other drugs produced little or no effect. It is concluded that R56865 and flunarizine block Na+ currents predominantly by interacting with inactivated Na+ channels. The higher ability of R56865 to block open channels and to increase slow inactivation underlies its higher frequency-dependence. These characteristics suggest the use of R56865 and flunarizine in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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