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J Virol. 1993 Aug;67(8):4621-9.

A poliovirus minireplicon containing an inactive 2A proteinase is expressed in vaccinia virus-infected cells.

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1
Department of Microbiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham 35294-0007.

Abstract

It has been difficult to evaluate the role of individual viral proteins in poliovirus replication because a suitable complementation system has not yet been developed. To approach this problem, we constructed a chimeric human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2)-gag-poliovirus minireplicon in which regions of the gag gene of HIV-2 were inserted in the poliovirus genome between nucleotides 1174 and 2470. Transfection of this chimeric RNA into HeLa cells results in the replication of the minireplicon and expression of an HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein which can be immunoprecipitated with antibodies to HIV-2-gag. Expression of the HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein was dependent on replication of the chimeric RNA genome. Although the chimeric HIV-2-gag-poliovirus RNA genome replicated in poliovirus-infected cells, transfection of the chimeric HIV-2-gag-poliovirus genome into vaccinia virus-infected cells resulted in increased replication as measured by analysis of chimeric RNA. The increase in replication correlated with an increase in the expression of the HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein in vaccinia virus-infected cells. To characterize this system, we constructed a mutation in the 2A gene to change a cysteine at amino acid 109 to a serine. Expression of the HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein was not detected when the HIV-2-gag-poliovirus genome containing the 2A mutation was transfected into HeLa cells, demonstrating the mutation was lethal for replication. When the chimeric genome was transfected into poliovirus-infected cells, no RNA replication or expression of the HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein was observed. In contrast, transfection of this genome into vaccinia virus-infected cells resulted in replication of the chimeric RNA and expression of two proteins with larger molecular masses than the HIV-2-gag-P1 proteins, possibly representing HIV-2-gag-P1-2A and HIV-2-gag-P1-2ABC fusion proteins. The transfection of the chimeric HIV-2-gag-poliovirus genome containing the 2A mutation into poliovirus-vaccinia virus coinfected cells resulted in the expression and partial processing of the two larger HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion proteins to give the correct molecular mass for the HIV-2-gag-P1 fusion protein. The 2A mutation was reconstructed back into the full-length infectious cDNA of poliovirus. Transfection of this cDNA into vaccinia virus-infected cells followed by immunoprecipitation with anticapsid antibodies demonstrated the presence of two proteins with molecular masses larger than P1, possibly P1-2A and P1-2ABC fusion proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

PMID:
8392603
PMCID:
PMC237847
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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