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J Cell Physiol. 1993 Jul;156(1):160-70.

Elevated cAMP gives short-term inhibition and long-term stimulation of hepatocyte DNA replication: roles of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase subunits.

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1
Department of Anatomy, University of Bergen, Norway.

Abstract

The study reports the role of the isozyme forms (cA-PKI and cA-PKII) and subunits (R and C) of cAMP-dependent protein kinase in mediating the acute depression of hepatocyte DNA replication by elevated cAMP. Combinations of cAMP analogs preferentially activating cA-PKI or II showed that either isozyme could inhibit DNA replication. The effects of glucagon and cAMP analogs were counteracted by the cAMP antagonist RpcAMPS, implicating the necessity for cA-PK dissociation in cAMP action. The effect of elevated cAMP was mimicked by microinjected C subunit, but not by the RI subunit of cA-PK. Hepatocytes under continuous cAMP challenge more than regained their replicative activity. This tardive stimulatory effect of cAMP was enhanced by insulin and blocked by dexamethasone, and was preceded by downregulation of cA-PK. In conclusion, a burst of cAMP acutely inhibits hepatocyte G1/S transition in late G1 regardless of hormonal state. In the presence of high glucocorticoid/low insulin the inhibition persists. At high insulin/low glucocorticoid the inhibitory phase is followed by a prolonged stimulation of DNA replication. Downregulation of endogenous cA-PK is a mechanism for escape from the inhibitory action of highly elevated cAMP.

PMID:
8391005
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.1041560122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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