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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1993 Apr;25(2):153-63.

Functional binding of cardiolipin to cytochrome c oxidase.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284-7760.


Bovine cytochrome c oxidase usually contains 3-4 mol of tightly bound cardiolipin per cytochrome aa3 complex. At least two of these cardiolipins are required for full electron transport activity. Without the tightly bound cardiolipin, cytochrome c oxidase has only 40-50% of its original activity when assayed in detergents that support activity, e.g., dodecyl maltoside. By measuring the restoration of electron transport activity, functional binding constants for cardiolipin and a number of cardiolipin analogues have been evaluated (Kd,app = 1 microM for cardiolipin). These binding constants agree reasonably well with direct measurement of the binding using [14C]-acetyl-cardiolipin (Kd < 0.1 microM) when the enzyme is solubilized with Triton X-100. These data are discussed in relationship to the wealth of data that is known about the association of cardiolipin with cytochrome c oxidase and the other mitochondrial electron transport complexes and transporters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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