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Life Sci. 1993;52(24):PL267-71.

Small-cell lung carcinoma: inhibition of proliferation by vasoactive intestinal peptide and helodermin and enhancement of inhibition by anti-bombesin antibody.

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1
Northport VA Medical Center, Stony Brook, New York.

Abstract

Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a common and highly fatal malignancy for which there is no satisfactory treatment. The amphibian peptide bombesin and its mammalian counterpart, gastrin-releasing peptide, serve as autocrine growth factors for the SCLC cells, but little is known about endogenous substances that inhibit the growth and proliferation of these tumor cells. We report that the neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) markedly inhibits the growth and multiplication of SCLC cell lines NCI-H345 and NCI-H69, and that the closely related peptide helodermin inhibits the proliferation of NCI-H345 cells with even higher efficacy. In the latter cells, the inhibition by VIP and isobutyl methyl xanthine paralleled their ability to stimulate cyclic adenosine monophosphate production within the cells. The peptide-induced suppression of SCLC proliferation is enhanced in the presence of an anti-bombesin monoclonal antibody. The antimitogenic activities of VIP and helodermin, and their enhancement by anti-bombesin antibody, offer the potential for a new approach to the pharmacologic control of SCLC.

PMID:
8389407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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