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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Jun 5;1148(2):223-33.

The site of action of pantoprazole in the gastric H+/K(+)-ATPase.

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Wadsworth VAMC, Los Angeles, CA 90073.


Pantoprazole is a pyridinyl-2-methylenesulfinyl-2-benzimidazole derivative. This compound inhibits the vesicular gastric H+/K(+)-ATPase (cytoplasmic side out) under acid transporting conditions by accumulating in the acid space generated by the pump. Pantoprazole is then converted in an acid-catalysed reaction to a cationic sulfenamide and reacts with cysteines available in or from the acidic extracytoplasmic space. This compound binds to the hog gastric H+/K(+)-ATPase with a stoichiometry of 3 nmol per mg protein, resulting in 94% inhibition of ATPase activity. Tryptic cleavage of the intact vesicles which had been reacted with [14C]pantoprazole at a 1 to 4 trypsin to protein ratio removed most of the cytoplasmic domain leaving the pairs of membrane spanning segments and their connecting extracytoplasmic loops intact. The peptides remaining in the membrane were dissolved in SDS and available cysteine residues labelled with fluorescein-5-maleimide. The peptides were separated on Tricine gradient gels, transferred to PVDF membranes and identified by fluorescence and radioactivity. From N-terminal sequence, fluorescence and molecular mass, it is concluded that pantoprazole is able to label both Cys-813 and Cys-822. These cysteines are predicted to be located in the extracytoplasmic loop connecting membrane segments 5 and 6 and in membrane segment 6. The major cytoplasmic tryptic cleavage site at this location moved from position 776 in unmodified enzyme to positions 784 and 792 following pantoprazole labelling, showing that the configuration of this region changed with pantoprazole labelling. A similar result was obtained by reduction of the enzyme with dithiothreitol. Covalent binding of the cationic sulfenamide to this region of the enzyme is able to block the conformation necessary for phosphorylation of the enzyme by ATP, accounting for its inhibitory effect on acid secretion.

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