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Nature. 1993 Jun 3;363(6428):455-8.

Functional expression of a rapidly inactivating neuronal calcium channel.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University Medical Center, California 94305.

Abstract

Diverse types of calcium channels in vertebrate neurons are important in linking electrical activity to transmitter release, gene expression and modulation of membrane excitability. Four classes of Ca2+ channels (T, N, L and P-type) have been distinguished on the basis of their electrophysiological and pharmacological properties. Most of the recently cloned Ca2+ channels fit within this functional classification. But one major branch of the Ca2+ channel gene family, including BII (ref. 15) and doe-1 (ref. 16), has not been functionally characterized. We report here the expression of doe-1 and show that it is a high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel that inactivates more rapidly than previously expressed calcium channels. Unlike L-type or P-type channels, doe-1 is not blocked by dihydropyridine antagonists or the peptide toxin omega-Aga-IVA, respectively. In contrast to a previously cloned N-type channel, doe-1 block by omega-CTx-GVIA requires micromolar toxin and is readily reversible. Unlike most HVA channels, doe-1 also shows unusual sensitivity to block by Ni2+. Thus, doe-1 is an HVA Ca2+ channel with novel functional properties. We have identified a Ca2+ channel current in rat cerebellar granule neurons that resembles doe-1 in many kinetic and pharmacological features.

PMID:
8389006
DOI:
10.1038/363455a0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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