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J Infect Dis. 1993 Jun;167(6):1274-80.

Human herpesvirus 6 inhibits the proliferative responses of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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Department of Pathology and Oncology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160-7232.


Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) was recently isolated from the blood of immunosuppressed individuals and children with exanthem subitum. In this study, the effect of HHV-6 on the proliferative response of human peripheral blood lymphocytes was tested. T cell lines or human peripheral blood lymphocytes were infected with HHV-6 variant A, strain GS, or variant B, strain Z29. Infected and uninfected cell lysates were UV inactivated and sonicated; when lysates were added to peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HHV-6-seropositive adults, lymphoproliferative responses to antigens (tuberculin purified protein derivative or mumps) and mitogens (phytohemagglutinin or interleukin-2) were inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. This inhibition was reversed by a rabbit anti-HHV-6(GS) antiserum, and inhibition was not due to cell lysis induced by viral infection, since cell death was not observed. This in vitro suppression of cellular immune responses by HHV-6 proteins may be relevant to the in vivo pathogenesis of HHV-6 and its relationship to human diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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