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Am J Physiol. 1993 May;264(5 Pt 1):G848-54.

Inhibition of VIP-stimulated ion transport by a novel Y-receptor phenotype in rabbit distal colon.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

Neurocrine, endocrine, and paracrine regulators are critical to the control of colonic secretion. These studies have investigated the inhibition of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)-stimulated ion transport by peptide YY (PYY) and other Y-class effectors in rabbit distal colonic mucosa mounted in Ussing chambers. PYY decreased basal short-circuit current (Isc) but did not significantly change either basal Na+ or Cl- flux. PYY inhibited VIP-stimulated increases in Isc by up to 86% and abolished VIP-induced Cl- secretion. PYY decreased VIP-generated increases in Isc by a tetrodotoxin-insensitive mechanism. PYY inhibited cholera toxin-stimulated as well as forskolin-stimulated increases in Isc but failed to alter stimulation by 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-BrcAMP). PYY decreased VIP-stimulated increases in tissue cAMP by 88% and forskolin-stimulated increases by 84%. PYY, neuropeptide Y (NPY), (Leu31,Pro34)-NPY, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) all demonstrated potent inhibition of VIP-stimulated increases in Isc. PYY-(13-36) demonstrated little effect on VIP stimulation. Thus the rabbit distal colon possesses a novel Y-class receptor phenotype that demonstrates high affinity for all three PP-fold peptides, NPY, PYY, and PP.

PMID:
8388641
DOI:
10.1152/ajpgi.1993.264.5.G848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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