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J Med Virol. 1993 Feb;39(2):146-51.

Human herpesvirus-6 infections in infants admitted to hospital.

Author information

1
Institute of Hygiene, University of Modena, Italy.

Abstract

Virological studies were carried out on 3 to 36-month-old patients admitted to the Children's Hospital of the University of Modena with febrile syndrome from September 1990 to February 1991. Virological tests were carried out for human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), adenoviruses, parainfluenza viruses 1, 2 and 3, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza viruses A and B. Viral infections were confirmed in 60.7% patients: 39.6% were correlated with HHV-6, 5.4% with EBV, 5.4% with both HHV-6 and EBV, 5.4% with adenoviruses, 1.8% with HSV-1, 1.8% with CMV and 1.8% with an unidentified herpes-like lymphotropic virus. HHV-6 isolates were obtained from either peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) or pharyngeal secretion of the infected children. HHV-6 infections included both primary infections (72%) and reactivations (28%). Among HHV-6 infected children, 40%, with exanthem subitum, had infections presenting serological evidence of primary infection and virus isolation from PBLs. The remaining cases of primary infection and the cases of reactivation were found in patients with febrile syndrome without rash (60%). HHV-6 isolates were obtained either from PBLs or pharyngeal secretions from these patients. Southern blot hybridization of the DNAs of 4 HHV-6 isolates showed that the circulating HHV-6 strains all appeared similar, but differed from the HHV-6 strain U1102 used as a positive control.

PMID:
8387570
DOI:
10.1002/jmv.1890390211
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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