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J Clin Periodontol. 1993 Apr;20(4):282-5.

Cytomegalovirus infection presenting as acute periodontal infection in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus.

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Oral AIDS Center, Department of Stomatology, University of California, San Francisco.


During childhood, many people acquire primary infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV), one of the herpes viruses. If they later become immunosuppressed, such as occurs with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, CMV is likely to become reactivated. Severe disease caused by CMV is life-threatening in the HIV-infected population. CMV retinitis, gastritis, colitis, pneumonia, encephalitis and hepatitis have all been reported, but oral lesions due to infection with CMV are rarely reported. We report a case of oral CMV infection which at first was clinically indistinguishable from HIV-associated periodontal disease.

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