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Eur J Pharmacol. 1993 Mar 23;233(2-3):209-17.

Chronic L-lysine develops anti-pentylenetetrazol tolerance and reduces synaptic GABAergic sensitivity.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore 21201-1586.


L-Lysine 10 mmol/kg given to mice for 1 to 10 days significantly increased clonic and tonic seizure latencies caused by 60 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol (PTZ). On day 1 the clonic and tonic seizure latencies were increased from 160.4 +/- 26.3 and 828.6 +/- 230.8 s to 286.1 +/- 103.3 and 982.3 +/- 98.6 s, respectively. Both clonic and tonic seizure latencies increased steadily with additional L-lysine treatment without significant change in survival rate. On day 10, the anticonvulsant effect reached its highest level with a block of tonic seizures and a survival rate of 100% without tolerance developing. Acute L-lysine treatment significantly increased the mean clonic latency from 85.8 +/- 5.24 to 128.2 +/- 9.0 s and the mean tonic seizure latency from 287.2 +/- 58.7 to 313.5 +/- 42.2 s with 80 mg/kg PTZ. On the day 10 of treatment, the anticonvulsant effect of L-lysine was highest, with a significant increase of 155 and 184% in clonic and tonic latencies over the control, respectively. After 15- and 20-day treatment, clonic and tonic seizures latencies and survival rate decreased, suggesting development of tolerance. Brain membranes from tolerant mice showed decreased enhancement by gamma-aminobutyric acid of specific [3H]flunitrazepam binding from 210 +/- 8 to 169 +/- 5% with EC50 values of 4.1 +/- 1.4 and 7.8 +/- 1.5 microM, respectively. Scatchard analysis of [3H] flunitrazepam binding showed no significant change of apparent binding affinity (KD) or binding density (Bmax) after chronic L-lysine exposure. L-Lysine enhanced the specific [35S]tert-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) binding in brain membranes dose dependently.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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