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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1993 Feb;31(2):227-35.

The activity of daptomycin on Enterococcus faecium protoplasts: indirect evidence supporting a novel mode of action on lipoteichoic acid synthesis.

Author information

1
Istituto di Microbiologia, Università di Verona, Italy.

Abstract

The effect of daptomycin, an acidic lipopeptide antibiotic active against Gram-positives, was studied in Enterococcus faecium protoplasts. This antibiotic killed 99% of the protoplasts within 60 minutes of treatment, while vancomycin was ineffective, thus excluding peptidoglycan synthesis as the only target of the action of daptomycin. As previously seen with whole cells, in protoplasts lipoteichoic acid synthesis was the earliest and most strongly inhibited among types of macro-molecular synthesis. Radioactive daptomycin tightly bound only to the cytoplasmic membrane, in which the enzymes involved in lipoteichoic acid synthesis are located. These conclusions strongly support our previous proposal that daptomycin, though active against peptidoglycan synthesis, primarily inhibits lipoteichoic acid synthesis.

PMID:
8385093
DOI:
10.1093/jac/31.2.227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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