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EMBO J. 1993 Mar;12(3):1005-12.

UV-induced activation of AP-1 involves obligatory extranuclear steps including Raf-1 kinase.

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  • 1Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut für Genetik, Germany.


Irradiation of cells with ultraviolet light (UV) leads to modifications of c-Jun resembling those elicited by phorbol esters or oncogenes, and to enhanced transcription of AP-1-dependent genes. The UV-induced signal also triggers activation of Raf-1 and MAP-2 kinases. A dominant-negative Raf-1 kinase mutant strongly interferes with both phorbol ester and UV-induced AP-1 activation, indicating obligatory involvement of identical components in cytoplasmic signal transduction. Thus, from a presumably nuclear site of energy absorption, a signal needs to be transmitted to the cytoplasm in order to achieve activation of a nuclear transcription factor. Further, signals elicited from different primary sites merge prior to or at the level of activation of Raf-1 kinase.

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