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J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 25;268(9):6470-6.

A low-Km, rolipram-sensitive, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase from human brain. Cloning and expression of cDNA, biochemical characterization of recombinant protein, and tissue distribution of mRNA.

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  • 1Department of Gene Expression Sciences, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406.


We have isolated cDNA clones from human frontal cortex cDNA libraries that encode a unique subtype of the low-Km, cAMP-specific phosphodiesterases (PDEs IV). The 564-amino acid sequence of the protein (human brain PDE IV (hPDE IVB)) shows significant homology to a PDE IV subtype expressed in human monocytes (hPDE IVA), particularly within the approximately 300-amino acid PDE IV catalytic domain. The degree of protein sequence identity is much greater between hPDE IVB and a homolog derived from rat brain (92% over 562 amino acids) than between hPDE IVB and hPDE IVA (76% over 538 amino acids), suggesting a greater subtype-specific versus species-specific conservation of protein sequence. Analysis of the distribution of hPDE IVB mRNA expression revealed a restricted pattern, with an approximately 4-kilobase mRNA detected in brain, heart, lung, and skeletal muscle and not in placenta, liver, kidney, or pancreas. An additional approximately 5-kilobase hPDE IVB-related mRNA species was detected in brain tissue. Recombinant hPDE IVB displayed all of the expected kinetic characteristics for a PDE IV, including sensitivity to the isozyme-selective inhibitor rolipram (Ki = 0.085 microM). Scatchard analysis of (R)-[3H]rolipram binding data suggested the presence of two noninteracting high affinity rolipram-binding sites (Kd = 0.4 and 6 nM) or a negatively cooperative interaction among multiple binding sites.

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