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J Virol. 1993 Mar;67(3):1555-63.

Analysis of simian virus 40 small t antigen-induced progression of rat F111 cells minimally transformed by large T antigen.

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Heinrich-Pette-Institut für Experimentelle Virologie und Immunologie, Universität Hamburg, Germany.


Minimal transformants of rat F111 fibroblasts were established after infection with the large T antigen (large T)-encoding retroviral expression vector pZIPTEX (M. Brown, M. McCormack, K. Zinn, M. Farrell, I. Bikel, and D. Livingston, J. Virol. 60:290-293, 1986). Coexpression of small t antigen (small t) in these cells efficiently led to their progression toward a significantly enhanced transformed phenotype. Small t forms a complex with phosphatase 2A and thereby might influence cellular phosphorylation processes, including the phosphorylation of large T. Since phosphorylation can modulate the transforming activity of large T, we asked whether the phosphorylation status of large T in minimally transformed cells might differ from that of large T in maximally transformed FR(wt648) cells and whether it might be altered by coexpression of small t. We found the phosphate turnover on large T in minimally transformed cells significantly different from that in fully transformed cells. This resulted in underphosphorylation of large T in minimally transformed cells at phosphorylation sites previously shown to be involved in the regulation of the transforming activity of large T. However, coexpression of small t in the minimally transformed cells did not alter the phosphate turnover on large T during progression; i.e., it did not induce a change in the steady-state phosphorylation of large T. This suggests that the helper function of small t during the progression of these cells was not mediated by modulating phosphatase 2A activity toward large T.

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