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Gastroenterology. 1993 Jan;104(1):31-7.

Leukocyte adherence in rat mesenteric venules: effects of adenosine and methotrexate.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Center of Excellence for Arthritis and Rheumatology, Louisiana State University Medical Center, Shreveport.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Methotrexate (MTX) reduces neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cell monolayers, possibly via stimulation of adenosine production. However, it remains unclear whether adenosine participates in the anti-inflammatory actions of MTX in postcapillary venules.

METHODS:

Leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive interactions were measured in rat mesenteric venules (25-35 microns diameter) during superfusion with either bicarbonate-buffered saline (BBS) alone, BBS combined with platelet-activating factor (PAF), or BBS combined with leukotriene B4 (LTB4). In some experiments, either MTX or adenosine was added to a superfusate containing either PAF or LTB4. In other experiments, either adenosine deaminase (ADA), an adenosine A1-receptor antagonist, or an A2-receptor antagonist was added to a superfusate containing PAF and either MTX or adenosine.

RESULTS:

Both MTX and adenosine were effective in preventing the leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesive interactions elicited by PAF, but not by LTB4. These actions of adenosine and MTX against PAF-induced leukocyte adhesion were blunted by ADA and the A2-(but not the A1-) receptor antagonist.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that both adenosine and methotrexate attenuate PAF-induced leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion in postcapillary venules via activation of A2-receptors on the leukocyte.

PMID:
8380395
DOI:
10.1016/0016-5085(93)90832-w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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