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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 1993 Jul;53(4):327-33.

Urinary D-glucaric acid, a marker substance for microsomal enzyme induction. Methodological aspects, responses to alcohol and findings in workers exposed to toluene.

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Department of Internal Medicine, UllevÄl Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


D-glucaric acid, an end product of glucuronic acid metabolism, has been used as a marker substance for microsomal enzyme induction. In this study a convenient microtitre-plate based method for the quantification of urinary D-glucaric acid has been developed and validated. Mean urinary D-glucaric acid excretion in 20 health humans as measured by this method was 3.2 mumol glucaric acid mmol-1 creatinine, 95% confidence interval 3.0-3.4. Moderate alcohol consumption in 18 healthy volunteers did not significantly augment the urinary D-glucaric acid excretion. Occupational exposition to toluene in a printing plant was investigated. In spite of considerable intra- and inter-individual variability, a significant difference between exposed (3.5, 3.1-3.9) and non-exposed (2.6, 2.2-3.0) workers was observed, p < 0.025. We conclude that the measurement of D-glucaric acid can be utilized for biological screening of enzyme induction on a group basis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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