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J Infect Dis. 1993 Oct;168(4):897-903.

A porcine model of Staphylococcus epidermidis catheter-associated infection.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


The suitability of using catheterized, partially nephrectomized (uremic) pigs to study catheter-associated infection in peritoneal dialysis was investigated. In some pigs, an inoculum of 10(9) cfu of Staphylococcus epidermidis ATCC 35984 was deposited around the catheter exit site and the organism was allowed to colonize over 21 days. The strain was recoverable from tissues and catheter samples at various locations along the catheter tract from inoculated pigs at postmortem examination. Uninoculated control catheters were colonized to a significantly lesser degree and by various other staphylococcal species. Immune response by inoculated pigs toward catheter-associated bacteria was indicated by a significant increase in serum antistaphylococcal IgG concentration and an increased percentage of peripheral polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Uremia had no significant effect on serologic response. Immunoblotting against S. epidermidis lysostaphin-extracted proteins showed that although incubation with inoculated group antisera produced more intense banding and reacted to a wider range of protein than did antisera from uninoculated controls, common antigenic proteins among the groups were found.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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