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Brain Res. 1993 Aug 13;619(1-2):199-213.

Establishment and neurite outgrowth properties of neonatal and adult rat olfactory bulb glial cell lines.

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Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106.


Two glial cell types surround olfactory axons and glomeruli in the olfactory bulb (OB) and may influence synapse development and regeneration. OB astrocytes resemble type-1 astrocytes, and OB ensheathing cells resemble non-myelinating Schwann cells. We have produced clonal OB astrocyte and ensheathing cell lines from rat neonatal and adult OB cultures by SV40 large T antigen transduction. These cell lines have been characterized by morphology, growth characteristics, immunophenotype, and ability to promote neurite outgrowth in vitro. Neonatal and adult ensheathing cell lines were found to support higher neurite outgrowth than OB astrocyte lines. Neonatal OB astrocyte lines were of two types, high and low outgrowth support. The low support astrocyte lines express J1 and a chondroitin sulfate-containing proteoglycan as do astrocytes encircling the neonatal glomeruli in vivo. The adult OB astrocyte cell lines supported lower levels of outgrowth than adult ensheathing cell lines. These results are consistent with a positive role for ensheathing cells in OB synapse regeneration, in vivo. Further, based on our results, we hypothesize that ensheathing cells and high-outgrowth astrocytes facilitate axon growth in vivo, while low outgrowth astrocytes inhibit axon growth and may facilitate glomerulus formation.

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